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Lost motion

On a two stroke engine, the fuel pumps must be retimed when the engine is required to reverse direction (i.e. run astern). This is done by moving the fuel pump cams or fuel pump cam follower positions relative to the crankshaft.

If one cylinder of the engine is considered (left), the piston is just before TDC with the engine running ahead and the crankshaft rotating clockwise. The piston is moving up towards TDC. The picture on the right shows the fuel cam at this point; where the cam follower is rising up the lift of the cam as it rotates clockwise. This point can be considered as the start of injection.

If, at this point the engine is stopped, and is started in the reverse direction (astern), the crankshaft now moves in an anticlockwise direction. Then the piston in this particular unit is now moving down the cylinder and is just after TDC. At this point fuel injection should have just finished. However, by studying the picture of the cam (right) it can be seen that the camshaft has reversed direction (because it is directly driven from the crankshaft), and is also rotating anticlockwise.

 Because the engine is started using compressed air admitted through the air start valves, the operating mechanism for these must also be retimed.

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