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Showing posts from April, 2023

Boiler Turndown

Boiler Turndown Boiler turndown is the ratio between a boiler’s maximum and minimum output. Depending on the burner’s design, it may have a turndown ratio between 4:1 and 10:1 or even higher.  A 4:1 turndown means the boiler’s minimum operating load is 25% of the boiler’s full capacity (100% capacity divided by 4).  A 10:1 turndown means the minimum operating load is 10% of the full load capacity (100% capacity divided by 10). Why is Boiler Turndown Ratio Important? Turndown ratio is important for boilers that are required to operate at a wide variation of capacities. A boiler with a higher turndown ratio will usually handle fluctuating loads more efficiently than one with a low turndown. A boiler’s burner will modulate or “turn down” as the demand for hot water or steam decreases, in an attempt to meet only the required load. The turndown ratio tells you the minimum output the boiler can handle before turning off and then cycling on and off frequently. If the demand goes below the bur

Function of Hooper tank in Bulk carrier ?

Hopper tanks are classified into bottom hoppers and top heavy wing tanks. For bottom hoppers, the main purpose is to take ballast, so as to rapidly increase the vessel immersion, simultaneous reduction in metacentric height, and a change in Centre of gravity. For top heavy wing tanks, the idea is to rapidly correct list of the vessel and act as active ballast tanks, for vessels such as Lakers where passages are narrow and cargo loading is often scattered. Except for this, they contribute in cargo loading also because the side slopes allow the cargo to slide off and collect at the centre, thereby making the cargo collection easier at the end Also, the hoppers are strengthened by additional transverse and longitudinal members, thereby supporting the port and starboard fuel tanks, and also distributing the cargo loading in a dynamic way to make sure the load is not concentrated at one point for higher loading speeds

Stamping on CO2 bottles

  W - Manufacturer stamp/symbole + - fill 10% excess on psi ✬ - 10 years testing, if no ✬ then every 5years hydrostatic test. 2005/03 - year/month of manufacture 6831611 - serial number pw200 - cylinder pressure 5L- cylinder capacity Stamp for testing lab