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Showing posts from June, 2021

Pneumatic coupling

 Pneumatic quick couplers (also referred to as air couplers, or pneumatic quick disconnects),  are primarily used for pneumatic applications, connecting air tools, hoses, or other implements to compressed air supplies.  The coupler half contains a shut-off valve that is automatically opened when a mating nipple is  inserted and automatically closes when the nipple is removed.   Parker pneumatic couplings come in three basic designs: general purpose/manual connect,  general purpose/push-to-connect, and special purpose.   The standard seal material for shut-off couplers is Nitrile.

Self healing property of stainless steel

The alloy nature of Stainless Steel and its thin, transparent layer on the surface provides a self   healing feature. When activated by oxygen within the air or water then it is this layer which   repairs lightly scratched or any damage to the surface.  Stainless steels contain a significant amount of chromium, which forms Chromium Oxide   when it oxidizes (rusts).  In contrast to a simple carbon steel, which forms iron oxide when it   rusts, (the flaky reddish brown oxide we typically associate with rust).  Iron oxide is brittle and  permeable, doing little to prevent further oxidation of the steel surface. In contrast, chromium  oxide does not have an objectionable appearance, being the same effective color as the base  metal, just a bit duller, and is hard and resilient.  When you scratch or mar stainless, the   exposed chromium just forms a new oxide layer, protecting the underlying metal.

Engine cylinder pressure is 120 bar why you are tightening cylinder head at 1200 bar

Pressure = Force / Area  So Force = Pressure x Area  We know that Pressure = 120 bar, Lets take cylinder bore = 60 cm  So area of head = ㄫ r x r = 3.14 x 30 x 30 = 2826 cm2   There for Force acting on cylinder head = 120 x 2826 = 339120 Ncm   In order to keep cylinder head in place we need to apply a force that is greater than 330120   Now cylinder head is tighten with 8 hydraulic nuts and assume area of one nuts as 100 cm2   For safety we take the force needed to keep head in place as 800000 Ncm  Now There are 8 nuts so total area = 8 x 100 = 800 cm2   Pressure = 800000 / 800 = 1000 bar   So we need to tight nuts around 1200 bar

Boiler water level controller : Components and Working