The " sac" is a small volume within the fuel flow path of an electronic fuel injector . In this study , it is defined as the volume between the valve seat ( fuel shut off point ) and the entrance to the final metering orifice of the injector . This sac causes fuel injectors to deliver uncalliberated excess fuel when the engine is operated under closed throttle , high manifold vacuum conditions such as vehicle decelerations or idle.
The electrohydraulic control mechanisms of the ME engine replace the following components of the conventional MC engine: Chain drive for camshaft Camshaft with fuel cams, exhaust cams and indicator cams Fuel pump actuating gear, including roller guides and reversing mechanism Conventional fuel pressure booster and VIT system Exhaust valve actuating gear and roller guides Engine driven starting air distributor Electronic governor with actuator Regulating shaft Engine side control console Mechanical cylinder lubricators. The Engine Control System of the ME engine comprises: Control units Hydraulic power supply unit Hydraulic cylinder units, including: Electronically controlled fuel injection, and Electronically controlled exhaust valve activation Electronically controlled starting air valves Electronically controlled auxiliary blowers Integrated electronic governor functions Tacho system Electronically controlled Alpha lubricators